Die Sesamstraße wird 40

Sind Ernie und Bert von der Sesamstraße nun schwul oder nicht? Und wenn ja, sollen die beiden heiraten dürfen?
Foto: dpa Ernie und Bert zählen wohl zu den bekanntesten Puppen der Sesamstraße.

40 Jahre ist sie nun alt: Die Sesamstraße. Am 8. Januar 1973 lief die Sendung zum ersten Mal im deutschen Fernsehen.

Alles begann bei einer Dinnerparty 1966. Die amerikanische TV-Produzentin Joan Ganz Cooney und der Psychologe Lloyd Morriseet sprachen darüber, ob man Kindern nicht via Fernsehen etwas beibringen könnte: Die Idee für die Sesamstraße war geboren. Anfangs war, der damals schon erfolgreiche, Puppenspieler Jim Henson nicht begeistert mitzumachen. „Er hasste die Idee, ein Kleinkinderstar zu sein, aber dann hat er an seine eigenen Kinder gedacht und zugesagt“, so Cooney.

1969 feierte die Sesamstraße dann in den USA Fernsehpremiere, in Deutschland vier Jahre später. Auch heute ist das Kinderformat mit dem Motto „Der, die, das. Wer, wie, was. Wieso, weshalb, warum. Wer nicht fragt, bleibt dumm“ noch sehr beliebt. Die Helden der Serie waren übrigens von Beginn an Puppen, die auch heute noch handgefertigt werden. „Wann immer neue Geschichten für die Sesamstraße gedreht werden, müssen die Puppen, die mitspielen, in New York beim Sesame Workshop, dem Mutterhaus der Sesamstraße bestellt werden“, berichten die deutschen Macher. „Sie kommen dann in Kisten verpackt aus Amerika herübergeflogen.“

Das berühmteste Puppen-Freundespaar sind natürlich Ernie und Bert. Auch in der ersten deutschen Folge waren die beiden zu sehen. Die Sendung war eine Mischung aus amerikanischen und deutschen Szenen. Ab Januar 1976  ließ man die amerikanischen Straßenszenen aus den deutschen Ausgaben ganz weg. Eltern, Erzieher und Wissenschaftler bemängelten, dass diese nicht viel mit der Lebenswelt deutscher Kinder gemein hätten. Da dies einen Sturm der Entrüstung seitens der Kinder auslöste, überarbeitete man die Sendung und startet 1978 neu in der Kulisse von Studio Hamburg.

Auch vor zehn Jahren war die Sesamstraße Grund für eine Demonstration. Beim NDR beschloss man die Sendung von ihrem angestammten Vorabendplatz um 18:00 zu verbannen und nur noch morgens um 07:30 zu zeigen. Mittlerweile hat man sich allerdings daran gewöhnt, derzeit läuft sie montags bis samstags jeweils um 08:00 im KiKa und dienstags bis freitags um 06:15 im NDR.

Neben den Puppen treten auch Prominente in der Sesamstraße auf. Der Grund: Die Kinder lieben die Puppen, ihre Eltern die Promis. Und die Liste kann sich sehen lassen: Ob nun die Schauspieler Lieselotte Pulver oder Horst Janson in den früheren Jahren oder Komiker Dirk Bach von 2000 bis 2007 als Zauberer Pepe. Otto Waalkes und Barbara Schöneberger standen als Regenmann und Sonnenfrau in Ellas Wetterhäuschen und Olli Dittrich gab Rumpels Kratzbüste. Musiker wie Herbert Grönemeyer, Jan Delay und Xavier Naidoo sangen mit Ernie und Bert.

In einem Werbespot des US-amerikanischen Präsidenten Barack Obama wird der gelbe Federvogel Big Bird von Obamas republikanischen Konkurrenten Mitt Romney als Kopf aller ruchlosen Steuerhinterzieher und Finanzsünder entlarvt. Ironisch heißt es dazu: "Mitt Romney weiß, dass man sich nicht über die Wall Street Sorgen machen muss, sondern über die Sesamstraße." (Der Kurier berichtete.)
Den bunten Puppen beziehungsweise ihren Machern ist diese Politisierung gar nicht recht: Sie wollen sich aus dem Wahlkampf raushalten.
Dabei ist der Drang der Muppets in die Politik gar nichts Neues, auch Ernie (l.) und Bert (oder zumindest Menschen in deren Kostümen) sprachen sich am Christopher Street Day für die Rechte Homosexueller aus. Im Folgenden ein Überblick über die Präsidentschaftskandidaten und Politrebellen der Sesamstraße. Bereits 1964 rief der zottelige, musikalische Hund Rowlf dazu auf, ihn zum Präsidenten zu wählen.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1976 und 1988 strebte Big Bird mit dem Slogan: "Birds of a feather flock together" (In etwa: "Vögel aller Federn, vereint euch.") die Weltherrschaft an. 1980 verkündete Miss Piggy auf dem Cover des Magazins Life ihre Präsidentschaftskandidatur. 1988 versuchte sich das Cookie Monster mit dem Slogan: "A Cookie in Every Cookie Jar" ("Ein Keks in jeder Keksdose.") als politischer Player. Egal ob verbrecherisches Mastermind oder harmloses Federvieh: Obama hat schon verkündet, er werde "weiter für Big Bird kämpfen", so die APA. Die Sesamstraße bleibt also weiterhin ein politisches Thema.
(dpa / jr) Erstellt am
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