"Kulluk": Shell-Ölbohrinsel beschädigt

In this image provided by the U.S. Coast Guard shows two life rafts sit on the beach adjacent as the conical drilling unit Kullu… © Bild: AP/Petty Officer 2nd Class Zachary Painter

Die Bohrinsel nahe Alaska weist zwar ein Leck auf, verliert aber vorerst kein Öl. Was nun mit ihr passiert, ist offen.

Die vor der Küste von Alaska auf Grund gelaufene Ölbohrinsel "Kulluk" des Konzerns Royal Dutch Shell ist beschädigt, verliert aber kein Öl. Bergungskräfte hätten berichtet, dass Wellen die Oberseite der Bohrinsel beschädigt hätten, erklärte der Konzern am Donnerstag. Rings um die "Kulluk" sei aber kein Ölfilm zu sehen. Ins Innere sei allerdings Wasser eingedrungen, mehrere Generatoren seien defekt. Wie schwer der Schaden ist und wann die vor den Kodiak-Inseln gestrandete Bohrinsel weggeschleppt werden kann, blieb offen.

Halbe Million Liter Diesel

Die 1983 gebaute "Kulluk" hat mehr als eine halbe Million Liter Diesel und andere Ölprodukte geladen. Sie hatte zur Überholung nach Puget Sound geschleppt werden sollen. Bei stürmischem Wetter riss sich die "Kulluk" jedoch los und trieb zu den Kodiak-Inseln.

Fraglich ist, wie sich der Unfall der "Kulluk" auf das 4,5 Milliarden Dollar (3,47 Milliarden Euro) teure und ohnehin umstrittene Ölförderprogramm des britisch-niederländischen Ölkonzerns vor Alaskas Küste auswirkt. Der Konzern wollte sich dazu zunächst nicht äußern und hofft, dass die Ölbohrinsel binnen weniger Tage geborgen werden kann.

Shell hatte mit seinen Plänen im vergangenen Jahr Umweltschützer und Bewohner der äußerst sensiblen Region gegen sich aufgebracht. Sie befürchten, dass der Konzern die Risiken der Ölförderung im Golf von Alaska unterschätzt.

Die schlimmsten Ölkatastrophen

Milliarden-Strafe für Bohrinseleigner

Gut zweieinhalb Jahre nach der Ölpest im Golf von Mexiko soll der schweizerische Bohrinseleigner Transocean Deepwater Strafzahlungen von 1,4 Milliarden Dollar (fast 1,1 Milliarden Euro) leisten. Wie das US-Justizministerium am Donnerstag in Washington mitteilte, bekannte sich das Unternehmen schuldig, die Gesetzgebung zum Schutz von Gewässern verletzt zu haben. Transocean habe zugleich zugegeben, fahrlässig gehandelt zu haben.

Von den zu leistenden Zahlungen seien 400 Millionen Dollar strafrechtlicher und eine Milliarde Dollar zivilrechtlicher Art, teilte das Ministerium weiter mit. Mit dem Geld aus den Zivilstrafen sollten vor allem die von der Katastrophe betroffenen Gebiete bei der Bewältigung der Folgen der Katastrophe unterstützt werden.

Hunderte Millionen Liter Öl

Die Bohrinsel Deepwater Horizon war am 20. April 2010 explodiert. Bei dem Unglück starben elf Arbeiter, hunderte Millionen Liter Erdöl strömten ins Meer. Insgesamt 87 Tage dauerte es, bis das Leck geschlossen werden konnte. Die Küsten von fünf US-Bundesstaaten wurden verseucht, der Fischfang und der Tourismus an der Golfküste massiv geschädigt.

Bereits Mitte Dezember hatte sich der britische Ölkonzern BP als Hauptverantwortlicher für das Unglück mit der US-Regierung auf Strafzahlungen von insgesamt rund 4,5 Milliarden Dollar binnen sechs Jahren geeinigt. Weitere Rechtsstreitigkeiten zwischen verschiedenen Beteiligten laufen noch. Auch BP verklagte seine Partnerunternehmen Transocean Deepwater und Halliburton.

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dapdFILE - This April 21, 2010 file photo shows oil in the Gulf of Mexico, more than 50 miles southeast of Venice on Louisianas tip, as a large plume of smoke rises from fires on BPs Deepwater Horizon offshore oil rig. The Justice Department says the fir

©Reuters

ReutersThis NASA MODIS satellite image of the Gulf of Mexico, taken May 23, 2010, shows the extent of the oil released from the Deepwater Horizon spill. The explosion on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig, which killed 11 workers and spewed oil for 87 str

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dapdThis 2011 photo provided by Donald Waters shows a fish harvested from the Gulf of Mexico with unusual lesions and infections. Two years after the Deepwater Horizon rig exploded and sank, touching off the worst offshore spill in U.S. history, the lates

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dapdThis 2011 photo provided by Donald Waters shows a fish harvested from the Gulf of Mexico with unusual lesions and infections. Two years after the Deepwater Horizon rig exploded and sank, touching off the worst offshore spill in U.S. history, the lates

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dapdThis 2012 photo provided by Steven Murawski shows a fish harvested from the Gulf of Mexico with unusual lesions and infections. Two years after the Deepwater Horizon rig exploded and sank, touching off the worst offshore spill in U.S. history, the lat

©dapd

dapdThis 2011 photo provided by Donald Waters shows a fish harvested from the Gulf of Mexico with unusual lesions and infections. Two years after the Deepwater Horizon rig exploded and sank, touching off the worst offshore spill in U.S. history, the lates

©REUTERS

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dapdIn this October 2010 photo made available by Penn State University, the Alvin submersible vehicle inspects a coral site found to be impacted by the oil spill from the Macondo well in the Gulf of Mexico. (Foto:Chuck Fisher of Penn State University and

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REUTERSClean up crews walk past beachgoers as they look for globs of oil on Dolphin Island, Alabama, in this June 4, 2010 file photo. The explosion on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig, which killed 11 workers and spewed oil for 87 straight days, soaked

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dapdFILE - In this May 23, 2010 file photo, Pelicans are seen nesting on mangrove on Cat Island, as it is impacted by oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, in Barataria Bay in Plaquemines Parish, La. (Foto:Gerald Herbert, file/AP/dapd)

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ReutersBP-contracted clean up workers remove oil from parts of Gulf Shores beach, Alabama, in this June 8, 2010. The explosion on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig, which killed 11 workers and spewed oil for 87 straight days, soaked hundreds of miles of

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REUTERSA hard hat from an oil worker lies in oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on East Grand Terre Island, Louisiana, in this June 8, 2010 file photo. The explosion on the drilling rig, which killed 11 workers and spewed oil for 87 straight days, s

©Reuters

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dapdARCHIV: Das Luftbild zeigt im Golf von Mexiko Loschboote, die versuchen die brennenden Oelbohrplattform Deepwater Horizon zu loeschen (Foto vom 21.04.10). Im milliardenschweren Prozess um die Oelkatastrophe im Golf von Mexiko im Jahr 2010 haben sich B

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APFILE - In a Saturday, June 12, 2010 file photo, crude oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill washes ashore in Orange Beach, Ala. BP agreed late Friday March 2, 2012 to settle lawsuits brought by more than 100,000 fishermen who lost work, cleanup worke

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dapdThe edge of Cat Island, which has eroded heavily since the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, is seen in Barataria Bay in Plaquemines Parish, La., Wednesday, April 11, 2012. (Foto:Gerald Herbert/AP/dapd)

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dapdPelicans are seen sitting on dead mangrove where they formerly nested, on Cat Island, which has eroded significantly since the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in Barataria Bay in Plaquemines Parish, La., Wednesday, April 11, 2012. (Foto:Gerald Herbert/AP/

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EPAepa03123044 (FILE) A file photo dated 20 June 2010 shows thick crude oil from the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill being collected in the Bay Jimmy marsh section of Barataria Bay near Port Sulphur, Louisiana, USA. Reports state that the court hearing int

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dapdFILE - In this June 15, 2010 file photo, a member of Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindals staff wearing a glove reaches into thick oil on the surface of the northern regions of Barataria Bay in Plaquemines Parish, La. An April 20, 2010 explosion at the BP Dee

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dapdIn this two picture combo, a pelican is seen landing on a nest in a thicket of mangrove, May 22, 2010, on Cat Island, home to hundreds of brown pelican nests as well at terns, gulls and roseate spoonbills, as it was being impacted by oil from the Deep

©dapd

dapdIn this two picture combo, nesting pelicans are seen on May 22, 2010, left, as oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill washes ashore on Cat Island, home to hundreds of brown pelican nests as well at terns, gulls and roseate spoonbills, in Barataria B

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EPAepa02694481 A twofold composite picture released on 19 April 2011 shows (top) Christopher Rice walking with his four children down the oil covered public beach in Gulf Shores, Alabama USA on 12 June 2010 and (bottom) Josten Stanley, aged 9, building a

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EPAepa02694464 (FILE) A file photo released by the U.S. Coast Guard on 20 May 2010 shows an oil being burned from the Deepwater Horizon/BP incident. An estimate 5 million barrels of oil spewed into the Gulf from the underwater leak, following the explosio

©REUTERS

REUTERSPoggy fish lie dead stuck in oil in Bay Jimmy near Port Sulpher, Louisiana, in this June 20, 2010 file photo. The explosion on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig, which killed 11 workers and spewed oil for 87 straight days, soaked hundreds of miles

Erstellt am 04.01.2013